Image & Character
Building Types Group 2

As a critical infrastructure component, the Fire Station is designed with emphasis on providing design in direct support of its function and the need for emergency response/time. Design features need to facilitate and focus on mission functions (for example, using glazing at vehicle bays), along with the practical/fundamental basics of this facility type.


1. Massing & Articulation

The massing is articulated in response to the building program and be able to accommodate generous daylighting of the interior where appropriate. A strong, easily identified entrance is appropriate. Simple, but appropriate façade articulation will reinforce the overall design with focused attention to the primary covered entry, and pedestrian connectivity.


2. Roof Style

Sloped standing-seam metal roofing is preferred for most of the roof area. Use overhangs to protect window openings as much as practical. Create covered gathering areas at the main entrance. Use multiple roof areas in response to program but avoid conflicting or overly complex roof forms and a cluttered appearance. Curved roofs may be used to highlight architectural features, such as the entrance.


3. Primary Entrances

Provide a covered entrance to accommodate groups of 10 to 15 people. Open-sided (versus recessed) covered entrances are preferred. Provide large glazed areas to designate the entrance and a moderate level of finishes on the exterior.


4. Shading Devices

Use aluminum louver and/or shading devices at windows. Shading devices integral with the building façade also are encouraged. Provide shading devices and canopies at covered entrances for strong architectural presence.


5. Secondary Entrances

Provide a covered entrance to accommodate groups of three to four people, using building mass differentiation and glazing to identify the entrance. Provide coverage to protect openings for utility entrances.


6. Fenestration

Use vertically proportioned punched window openings with aluminum windows. Storefront and/or curtain wall can be used to designate entrances, gathering areas, or vertical circulation. Use of linear or other shapes as design elements is permissible in moderation. Translucent wall panels are appropriate to assist daylighting spaces.

Elevations: Fire Station


1. Expressive roof form, responding appropriately to building group

2. A prominent covered entry with integral shading devices and large glazed areas

3. Roof overhang to emphasize and protect openings, create shaded areas at entrances

4. Vertically proportioned punched window openings