Image & Character
Building Types Group 2

The Simulator is a training facility and is designed with emphasis on providing design in direct support of its function. Design features that emphasize mission functions without compromising security are encouraged. Natural lighting in classroom and office areas is encouraged. Large openings to the exterior to accommodate equipment and future technical changes must be considered. Gathering areas and pedestrian movement among buildings are facilitated through the design of the built environment and its relationship to the site and other exterior features.


1. Massing & Articulation

The massing is articulated in response to the building program and be able to accommodate generous daylighting of the interior where appropriate. A strong, easily identified entrance is appropriate. Articulation will reinforce the overall design with focused attention to the primary entrance.


2. Roof Style

Sloped standing-seam metal roofing is preferred for most of the roof area. Use overhangs to protect window openings as much as practical. Create covered gathering areas at the main entrance. Use multiple roof areas in response to program, but avoid conflicting or overly complex roof forms and a cluttered appearance. Curved roofs may be used to highlight architectural features such as the entrance.


3. Primary Entrances

Provide a covered entrance to accommodate groups of 10 to 15 people. Open-sided (versus recessed) covered entrances are preferred. Provide large glazed areas to designate the entrance and a moderate level of finishes on the exterior.


4. Shading Devices

Use aluminum louver and/or shading devices at windows. Shading devices integral with the building façade are also encouraged. Provide shading devices and canopies at covered entrances for strong architectural presence.


5. Secondary Entrances

Provide a covered entrance to accommodate groups of 3 to 4 people, using building mass differentiation and glazing to identify the entrance. Provide coverage to protect openings for utility entrances.


6. Fenestration

Use vertically proportioned punched window openings with aluminum windows. Storefront and/or curtain wall can be used to designate entrances, gathering areas, or vertical circulation. Use of linear or other shapes as design elements is permissible in moderation. Translucent wall panels are appropriate to assist daylighting spaces.

Elevations: Simulator


1. Expressive roof form, responding appropriately to building group

2. Well-defined entrance, pedestrian scaled

3. Variation of building mass

4. Prominent covered entry with integral shading devices and large glazing

5. Pedestrian-oriented spaces to encourage walkability